Android Studio is a tool for Android app development through which we can create an Android app and get its apk in the output and can android app design.
UI widgets will be the tutorial of the User Interface, which contains the things that people see and touch by using the app like Button, Mike, Progressive bar etc.
Android SDK – The Android SDK contains all of the tools that you will need to make an Android application, compile and package the application. In the Android SDK, you get the Reserved Libraries to source projects, development tools, an emulator, and application development with source code. All applications are developed in Java and run on the Delwic virtual machine.
Android Debug Bridge
ADB (Android Debug Bridge) – ADB is a command line tool for Android SDK, with the help of which you can run your application on a virtual device or on a real device and debug it. This is a client-server program that has a client, a server, and a daemon. Runs on the client development machine, the server runs on a development machine like a background process and runs on a daemon emulator like a background process.
Gradle is an advanced build system. This is useful in the process of building a package. From this, we can easily reuse codes and resources. This makes it easy to create multiple variants of an application. This makes it easy to customize the build process. Gradle easily integrates with IDE.
Android Studio is an official IDE for developing Android applications. Some features of Android Studio are being given below.
- Android Studio has a Grade-based Flexible Build System.
- Variants and multiple apk files together can generate you in the android studio.
- Provides Android studio code templates for building common application features.
- Android Studio offers a rich layout editor, in which you can also edit by dragging and dropping.
- Android Studio uses lint tools to simplify performance, usability, and version compatibility issues.
- Built-in support for Google Cloud Platform in Android Studio.
Instead of Android Studio, you can also use Eclipse IDE. You will need an ADT plugin for this. But because the Android Studio is official IDE, I have used android studio only.
Android runtime and Dalvik
ART (Android Run Time) and Dalvik – Both of these providers provide an environment for running the applications on Android. But Android 5.0 uses ART. And all previous versions used Dalvik as runtime. ART also executes Dex (dalvic executable) files like Dalvik. ART and Dalvik are compatible with each other, so if an application is developed for Dalvik, then it can also be run comfortably in ART.
Ahead-Of-Time (AOT) compilation is introduced in ART. The installed time verification in ART is much better than the delvik.